A more subdued start to the 2nd quarter sprang to life in May and June as investors returned to the market against a backdrop of rising inflation, ongoing dollar weakness and heightened financial-market and geopolitical concerns. The price of gold ended Q2 virtually unchanged from its level at the end of the first quarter, at $930.25/oz on the London PM fix, according to World Gold Council’s latest Gold Investment Digest. However, this masked a sharp upturn in the gold price from mid-June onwards, which has continued in early July. Gold remained considerably less volatile in Q2 than other commodities, even other precious metals. “There was a downward correction in the gold price in April but this proved short-lived,” said Natalie Dempster, Investment Research Manager, World Gold Council. “The combination of rising inflation and price expectations, a weakened dollar and increased concerns about systemic risk in the financial sector have all pushed gold higher again.”Gold Investment Digest also noted that sales under the second Central Bank Gold Agreement (CBGA) were on track to be less than 400 t for the second time in three years, well below signatories’ permitted 500 t ceiling, unless a new seller emerges before September.“On the supply-side, stagnating mine production, further substantial producer de-hedging and data showing that sales under the second CBGA are on track to be well below signatories’ permitted 500 t ceiling, also supported the price”, Dempster said. “In effect, a host of factors are contributing to long-term price support for gold.” Gold Investment Digest is a concise and comprehensive analysis of investment trends and economic indicators that influence investment interest in and the demand for gold. Highlights from Gold Investment Digest for the first quarter include the following:Investment trends The gold price ended Q2 virtually unchanged from its level at the end of Q1, at $930.25/oz on the London PM fix. The gold price was well above its average level in the same quarter a year earlier of $666.84/oz. The gold price remained considerably less volatile than other commodities, even other precious metals, ending the quarter at 24%. Inflows into the gold ETFs totalled 22 tonnes in May, before more than doubling in June to 45 t.Key economic indicators In the US, the non-manufacturing ISM index fell sharply in June to 48.2, from 51.7 in May (a reading below 50 indicates a contraction in economic activity). US employers shed workers for the sixth consecutive month in June, reducing the number of people employed in the non-farm sector by 62,000, the same number laid off in May. US, Eurozone and UK CPI rose to 4.2%, 3.7% and 3.3% respectively in May from 3.9%, 3.3% and 3.0% in April.***The following statistics reflect trends established in the Q1, the most recent data available at this time. Comprehensive second quarter supply and demand statistics and analysis will be released by the World Gold Council in mid-August in the Gold Demand Trends report.***Gold market trends Jewellery demand declined by 21% year-on-year in Q1, but in dollar terms this equated to a rise of 12% to $13.2 billion. Industrial and dental demand declined by 5% year-on-year in the first quarter of 2008 to 110.3 t, primarily in response to the slowing US economy. Mine production continued to stagnate in Q1, with total gold production worldwide amounting to 593 t, unchanged from the level of a year ago. The European Central Bank announced on June 30 that it had sold a further 30 t of gold, bringing its total so far in this year of the agreement to 72 t.The Gold Investment Digest can be downloaded at www.gold.org. Users will need to register, which is free of charge. At the same address, users can access a range of investment statistics, which have been completely overhauled to extend the country coverage and make the materials easier to download.