Witnesses’ Evidence Cannot Be Discarded As A Whole Merely Because There Are Exaggerations, Reiterates Supreme Court

first_imgNews UpdatesWitnesses’ Evidence Cannot Be Discarded As A Whole Merely Because There Are Exaggerations, Reiterates Supreme Court LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK8 May 2021 7:03 AMShare This – xThe Supreme Court observed that evidence given by a witness can not be discarded as a whole on the ground that it is exaggerated.”To make a mountain out of a molehill, the molehill shall have to exist primarily. A Court of law, being mindful of such distinction is duty bound to disseminate ‘truth’ from ‘falsehood’ and sift the grain from the chaff in case of exaggerations”, the bench comprising CJI NV Ramana, Justices Surya Kant and Aniruddha Bose observed.In this case, the appellant-convicts contended that the statements made by the prosecution witnesses contained exaggerations and therefore it was wrong to convict him on the basis of such statements. According to the FIR, the deceased died owing to a single axe blow inflicted by the accused and the post­mortem report also showed only one head injury on her person. However, three prosecution eyewitnesses, deposed that the first accused gave two axe blows on her head and then co ­accused also hit the deceased’s left ear with an axe twice.In appeal, the Court agreed with the State’s contention that even in cases where a major portion of the evidence is found deficient, if the residue is sufficient to prove the guilt of the accused, conviction can be based on it. The bench observed:24. It is vehemently contended that the evidence of the prosecution witnesses is exaggerated and thus false. Cambridge Dictionary defines “exaggeration” as “the fact of making something larger, more important, better or worse than it really is”. Merriam­ Webster defines the term “exaggerate” as to “enlarge beyond bounds or the truth”. The Concise Oxford Dictionary defines it as “enlarged or altered beyond normal proportions”. These expressions unambiguously suggest that the genesis of an ‘exaggerated statement’ lies in a true fact, to which fictitious additions are made so as to make it more penetrative. Every exaggeration, therefore, has the ingredients of ‘truth’. No exaggerated statement is possible without an element of truth. On the other hand, Page | 18 Advance Law Lexicon defines “false” as “erroneous, untrue; opposite of correct, or true”. Oxford Concise Dictionary states that “false” is “wrong; not correct or true”. Similar is the explanation in other dictionaries as well. There is, thus, a marked differentia between an ‘exaggerated version’ and a ‘false version’. An exaggerated statement contains both truth and falsity, whereas a false statement has no grain of truth in it (being the ‘opposite’ of ‘true’). It is well said that to make a mountain out of a molehill, the molehill shall have to exist primarily. A Court of law, being mindful of such distinction is duty bound to disseminate ‘truth’ from ‘falsehood’ and sift the grain from the chaff in case of exaggerations. It is only in a case where the grain and the chaff are so inextricably intertwined that in their separation no real evidence survives, that the whole evidence can be discardedTaking note of the statements made by the prosecution witnesses, the bench observed that even if the exaggeration of multiple axe blows being given to the deceased were discarded, the allegation that the accused entered house of the victims armed with an axe and hit the deceased on her head, and that she died due to a head injury was consistent and undisputed throughout the FIR and the deposition by prosecution witnesses.Referring to Hari Chand v. State of Delhi (1996) 9 SCC 112, the court said that while appreciating the evidence of witnesses in a criminal trial especially in a case of eyewitnesses the maxim falsus in uno, falsus in omnibus cannot apply and the court has to make efforts to sift the grain from the chaff.The court also addressed the contention of the accused (against reversal of acquittal by the High court) that if two views are possible, the High Court ought not to interfere with the trial Court’s judgment. “15.. However, such a precautionary principle cannot be overstretched to portray that the “contours of appeal” against acquittal under Section 378 CrPC are limited to seeing whether or not the trial Court’s view was impossible. It is equally well settled that there is no bar on the High Court’s power to re­appreciate evidence in an appeal against acquittal… the CrPC does not differentiate in the power, scope, jurisdiction or limitation between appeals against judgments of conviction or acquittal and that the appellate Court is free to consider on both fact and law, despite the self-restraint that has been ingrained into practice while dealing with orders of acquittal where there is a double presumption of innocence of the accused.”, the bench observed while upholding the conviction.Case: Achhar Singh vs. State of Himachal Pradesh [CRA 1140 ­1141 OF 2010]Coram: CJI NV Ramana, Justices Surya Kant and Aniruddha BoseCitation: LL 2021 SC 249Click here to Read/Download JudgmentTagsFalsus in uno falsus in omnibus Supreme Court Justice Surya Kant Justice Aniruddha Bose CJI NV Ramana Next Storylast_img read more

Gold Coast hillside home has panoramic views that stretch as far as the eye can see

first_imgDon’t let the view distract you while cooking. Take a dip in the treetops.SWEEPING views of the Gold Coast that stretch as far as the eye can see characterise a hillside home at Reedy Creek.It has been cleverly designed to capture the views over the treetops to the city skyline and ocean from almost every room in the house.Floor-to-ceiling sliding glass doors line the open kitchen, dining and living area, framing the breathtaking panoramic vista. It’s like taking a bath in a tropical retreat.The kitchen has a butler’s pantry while a large study that could double as a family room has a built-in wraparound desk.The house also has USB power points, electric blinds, zoned and ducted airconditioning and a Back to Base security system.Mr Robertson, who lived in the property with his wife Tanya and their children, said his favourite part of the house was the outdoor area.“I love the outdoor area with the swimming pool, alfresco area and the courtyard in the middle,” he said.“I can look out at the whole Gold Coast when I’m swimming in the pool.”The family are selling the property as they are undertaking another project at Palm Beach that they will move into.It will go under the hammer on February 20. Even the central courtyard gets to enjoy the sweeping views. Owner Brian Robertson designed and built the four-bedroom, two bathroom Kirkwood Place residence in 2015 through his construction company Robertson Homes.“I wanted that Palm Springs style and I just wanted to make it really open,” he said.It has a minimalist design with a white palette and honed concrete flooring, which accentuates standout features such as the pool area and central courtyard. It’s in a pretty spectacular spot at Reedy Creek.More from news02:37International architect Desmond Brooks selling luxury beach villa12 hours ago02:37Gold Coast property: Sovereign Islands mega mansion hits market with $16m price tag2 days agoThey open onto a covered patio and deck where an infinity edge solar-heated pool appears to linger on the horizon.If that’s not enough to impress you, the courtyard with built-in bar at the heart of the home certainly will.The green oasis is also surrounded by floor-to-ceiling sliding glass doors, which allows a clear view straight through the centre of the house to the coastline.MORE NEWS: Mega mansion fetches millions in a month MORE NEWS: Why I live on the Gold Coast The infinity edge pool looks like its lingering on the horizon. The main living areas are surrounded by floor-to-ceiling glass doors to make the most of the views.last_img read more