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It is the primary organisation in the US government for analysing and integrating all intelligence pertaining to terrorism (except purely domestic terrorism). A similar exercise to ensure coordination in tackling terrorism was undertaken in other Western countries and Australiapost 9/11 The most interesting among these models has been the Joint Terrorism Analysis Centre (JTAC) in the UK In this modelrepresentatives of all intelligence agenciesincluding those dealing with defence and revenuework at a central set-up where information coming from all agencies is pooled The representatives can pass the information available with JTAC back to their own headquarters and also access the databank of their own agency in order to verify or improve upon the information available with the JTACthus contributing to the common output of the JTAC The centre works under the overall direction of the MI5 director Howeverthe day-to-day functioning of the JTAC is supervised for one year by an officerdrawn on rotation from each of the agencies represented in it In Indiathe Group of Ministers recommended the setting up of a multi-agency centre in 2001 for intelligence coordination Ithoweverdid not materialise at least until end-2008chiefly because the 100 additional posts that the Director of Intelligence Bureau (DIB) wanted for setting it up were not forthcoming In many waysthereforeit is a matter of satisfaction that the Union home ministry now plans to set up an NCTC with adequate manpower and adequate powers to collect intelligencetake preventive actionrespond with armed might if a terrorist attack takes placearrest the accusedseize their weapons and other incriminating propertyinvestigate the casesprosecute the accused and get them punished From a purely anti-terrorism point of viewthis is certainly a terrific idea After allorganisations like the Narcotics Control Bureau already exercise powers of search or arrest all over India (admittedly in respect of special enactments) without stepping on the toes of the state police Besidesthe directorIBnowin effectbecomes the Chief of Homeland Securitytaking off a great deal of workload which the National Security Adviser was carrying on his shoulders so far The creation of the post of a Director of National Intelligence on the US pattern in Indiato ease the workload of the NSAwas obviously not feasible and this is the next best solution But the chief ministers may not necessarily share these perceptions That is because none of the CTC models referred to above provides for powers of arrest The obvious questionthereforeis why the NCTC in India requires such powers which successful models elsewhere do not enjoy Another obvious question is why another designated authority under the Centre when the NIA is already there An uncomfortable question which may crop up is whether intelligence agencies in Indiawhich now have powers of arrestcan continue to be exempted from parliamentary oversight The intelligence community may like to know whether the JTAC modelin which all agencies would have a chanceby turnto supervise the CTCs day-to-day work under the overall direction of the DIBwould not have been a more satisfactory option Some DGPs may want to know why it is being presumed that the local police would refuse to act if information is shared with them regarding a terrorist act which is likely to take place in their jurisdiction Other police chiefs may want to know whether any system is in place to ensure that they would be kept informed and briefed about the progress of investigation in terrorism cases handled by the NCTC or NIA Further discussions between the Centre and the states areit seemsto take place shortly An informed debate on the basis of expert studies on the subjectparticularly those which the government have relied upon in setting up the new mechanism would certainly be beneficial for the country The writer is a former chief of the Research and Analysis [email protected] For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsChina: Beijing "does not accept and does not recognise" the ruling by a UN-backed tribunal on its dispute with the Philippines over the South China Sea the foreign ministry said Tuesday South China Sea Reuters The declaration in a statement on its website followed a ruling by the Permanent Court of Arbitration in the Hague that China has no historic rights to its claimed "nine-dash line" "The award is null and void and has no binding force" the ministry said "China neither accepts nor recognises it" Beijing "does not accept any means of third party dispute settlement or any solution imposed on China" it added reiterating its long-standing position on the dispute China has repeatedly denied the tribunal’s authority to rule on the dispute with the Philippines over the strategically vital region claiming that the court’s actions are illegal and biased against it Beijing refused the opportunity to defend its position before the body "China’s territorial sovereignty and maritime rights and interests in the South China Sea shall under no circumstances be affected by those awards" the statement said adding that "China opposes and will never accept any claim or action based on those awards" said "he had been a sunny child who enjoyed skipping but something had changed in recent years." 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