I can feel the warmth from the woodburning oven j

first_imgI can feel the warmth from the wood-burning oven just over my shoulder and catch myself intermittently gazing off into a heat-induced trance from the blaze.Despite the place feeling crowded (probably another reason for the heat), it’s eerily quiet inside: My table of five occasionally lowers our voices as if we were in the library. But a library this is not: Mozzeria is one of the most talked-about pizzerias in the heart of a vibrant San Francisco neighborhood, where wait times on Saturday nights can extend as long as two hours.The reason for the unnaturally reserved ambiance might be because every staff member employed at Mozzeria identifies as deaf or partially deaf. For the roughly 95 percent of hearing guests who aren’t fluent in American Sign Language (ASL), putting in an order means either pointing to the pizza of choice from the menu or writing it down on a piece of paper.Melody and Russ Stein, owners and founders of the 50-seat restaurant, have done more than open an authentic, Neapolitan-style pizza joint (it’s one of only two Neapolitan pizzerias in San Francisco that’s a member of the international organization Associazione Vera Pizza Napoletana.) They also are only two of a few restaurateurs in the country using innovative technology that allows them to entirely employ deaf and hard-of-hearing individuals — like the deaf-owned video relay system Convo, which allows hearing guests to call and speak to a staff member over the phone via an interpreter.As Andrea Strong has reported for Skift Table, Mozzeria isn’t the first restaurant in the nation to be entirely owned and operated by a deaf and hard-of-hearing staff. (That title might go to Crepe Crazy in Austin, Texas, which was opened as a stall in 2007 by Vladimir and Inna Giterman.) But Mozzeria is one of the most successful. Not only does the 7-year-old Mozzeria have a brick-and-mortar storefront, food truck and catering business, but in December it was selected as the first business partner of the Communication Service for the Deaf (CSD) Social Venture Fund (SVF).There are few employment opportunities for individuals who identify as deaf. According to a study by the National Deaf Center (NDC) in partnership with the University of Texas at Austin, only about 48 percent of the deaf community is employed in the United States (compared with 72 percent of hearing individuals). Mozzeria’s partnership with the CSD has the potential to change that.The social-impact fund, which was created to address unemployment rates among the deaf and those with partial hearing loss, will create ASL-centered training programs, resources and mentoring support for the roughly 48 million people living in the United States who identify as having severe hearing loss.The partnership will also allow Mozzeria to franchise. The Steins are currently set to expand their West Coast empire, with an Austin location in the works for later this year. “We envision that each Mozzeria location will be looked at as a source of both local and national pride,” Melody Stein wrote in February for Upserve.For many deaf and hard-of-hearing entrepreneurs, like Melissa Greenlee, CEO and founder of deaffriendly.com, and Crepe Crazy CEO Sergei Giterman (who took over from his parents), unemployment is an issue in their community that has long needed to be addressed.Greenlee explains that her growing frustration with people’s lack of understanding of how to serve her, and her own inability to find meaningful work, lead to deaffriendly.com, a consumer review site for the deaf and hard-of-hearing community. “There were times when people refused to serve me at all,” she wrote to me in an email. “No one should be turned away in a place of business due to their disability.”Giterman, who four years ago had just six employees and now operates two locations and two food trucks with 30 employees, adds: “Finding employment as a deaf individual can be difficult. Out there, [employers] are less inclined to hire [deaf individuals], which sends all of us flocking to deaf-focused establishments. We started [Crepe Crazy] to provide a working opportunity where others wouldn’t.”But deaf-focused restaurants are few and far between. While there’s no way of knowing the exact numbers, Deafdigest lists just eight restaurants currently operating in the U.S.Perhaps the case for hiring and serving deaf individuals might no longer seem like such an issue, thanks in part to Starbucks. In July, the global coffee chain announced plans to launch its first ever deaf-friendly store in the United States. Set to open in Washington, D.C., in October, the “Signing Store Project” will be the company’s second, modeled after their first in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.Unlike the Malaysian store, which puts partners — or employees — through a 10-week sign language course, the D.C. location will hire individuals who identify as deaf, hard of hearing, or hearing but fluent in ASL. Starbucks also plans to hire an additional 20 to 25 deaf, hard of hearing, or hearing partners proficient in ASL in other stores across the country later this year.But of the more than 350,000 Starbucks employees who wear the green apron globally, only about 200 currently self-identity as deaf or with partial hearing loss.Still, it’s a step in the right direction, says Nick Buchanan, who co-owns Austin’s Pepperbox Coffee, a deaf-owned and operated business. “It is so nice seeing other businesses showing how communication is possible,” he says about Starbucks’ plans. Like Mozzeria, Buchanan has tried a variety of methods for ease of communication with the hearing community, including a generic point-of-sale touchscreen system.”This Signing [Store Project] is a great exercise in forcing people to think outside the box in how they will communicate effectively with someone who doesn’t hear,” says Greenlee.With Mozzeria’s franchise plans and Starbucks’ “Signing Store Project,” the hope is that the deaf and those with partial hearing loss will soon be served just like the hearing population.And as anyone lucky enough to have tried the pizza at Mozzeria knows, sometimes simply producing a great product is all one needs to attract an audience. My recommendation would be Mozzeria’s Peking Duck pizza — you’ll forget about the paper-and-pad ordering system with your first bite.Meaghan Clark Tiernan is a freelance journalist based in the San Francisco Bay Area. Her work has appeared in Munchies, ExtraCrispy, Racked, and Atlas Obscura. Follow her on Twitter: @meaghanclark. Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.last_img read more

Gastrointestinal symptoms in children could be a red flag for future mental

first_imgReviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)Mar 29 2019A Columbia University study has found that adversity early in life is associated with increased gastrointestinal symptoms in children that may have an impact on the brain and behavior as they grow to maturity.The study was published online March 28 in the journal Development and Psychopathology.”One common reason children show up at doctors’ offices is intestinal complaints,” said Nim Tottenham, a professor of psychology at Columbia and senior author on the study. “Our findings indicate that gastrointestinal symptoms in young children could be a red flag to primary care physicians for future emotional health problems.”Scientists have long noted the strong connection between the gut and brain. Previous research has demonstrated that a history of trauma or abuse has been reported in up to half of adults with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), at a prevalence twice that of patients without IBS.”The role of trauma in increasing vulnerability to both gastrointestinal and mental health symptoms is well established in adults but rarely studied in childhood,” said study lead author Bridget Callaghan, a post-doctoral research fellow in Columbia’s psychology department. In addition, she said, animal studies have demonstrated that adversity-induced changes in the gut microbiome – the community of bacteria in the body that regulates everything from digestion to immune system function-influence neurological development, but no human studies have done so.”Our study is among the first to link disruption of a child’s gastrointestinal microbiome triggered by early-life adversity with brain activity in regions associated with emotional health,” Callaghan said.The researchers focused on development in children who experienced extreme psychosocial deprivation due to institutional care before international adoption. Separation of a child from a parent is known to be a powerful predictor of mental health issues in humans. That experience, when modeled in rodents, induces fear and anxiety, hinders neurodevelopment and alters microbial communities across the lifespan.The researchers drew upon data from 115 children adopted from orphanages or foster care on or before approximately they were 2 years old, and from 229 children raised by a biological caregiver. The children with past caregiving disruptions showed higher levels of symptoms that included stomach aches, constipation, vomiting and nausea.Related StoriesHospitals’ decision to transfer kids with mental health emergencies is based on insurance typeRevolutionary gene replacement surgery restores vision in patients with retinal degenerationEffective stop smoking treatments less likely to be prescribed to people with mental health conditionsFrom that sample of adoptees, the researchers then selected eight participants, ages 7 to 13, from the adversity exposed group and another eight who’d been in the group raised by their biological parents. Tottenham and Callaghan collected behavioral information, stool samples and brain images from all the children. They used gene sequencing to identify the microbes present in the stool samples and examined the abundance and diversity of bacteria in each participant’s fecal matter.The children with a history of early caregiving disruptions had distinctly different gut microbiomes from those raised with biological caregivers from birth. Brain scans of all the children also showed that brain activity patterns were correlated with certain bacteria. For example, the children raised by parents had increased gut microbiome diversity, which is linked to the prefrontal cortex, a region of the brain known to help regulate emotions.”It is too early to say anything conclusive, but our study indicates that adversity-associated changes in the gut microbiome are related to brain function, including differences in the regions of the brain associated with emotional processing,” says Tottenham, an expert in emotional development.More research is needed, but Tottenham and Callaghan believe their study helps to fill in an important gap in the literature.”Animal studies tell us that dietary interventions and probiotics can manipulate the gut microbiome and ameliorate the effects of adversity on the central nervous system, especially during the first years of life when the developing brain and microbiome are more plastic,” Callaghan says. “It is possible that this type of research will help us to know if and how to best intervene in humans, and when.”Callaghan and Tottenham are currently working on a larger-scale study with 60 children in New York City to see if their findings can be replicated. They expect the results later this year. Source:https://www.columbia.edu/last_img read more

Amazons website crashes for some users as Prime Day kicks off

first_img The app and website worked intermittently early Monday afternoon, sometimes showing deals, sometimes showing pictures of various dogs with apologetic messages. One French bulldog proclaimed, “Uh-Oh. Something went wrong on our end. Please try again.”The company’s fourth Prime Day is set to stretch for 36 hours and includes deals across its site, as well as at its Whole Foods grocery-store chain.Amazon acknowledged the issues about two hours after they started Monday, saying in a statement that it was working to fix the situation.”Many are shopping successfully—in the first hour of Prime Day in the U.S., customers have ordered more items compared to the first hour last year,” the company tweeted.Amazon hasn’t disclosed the specifics of its sales haul for previous Prime days, but the day has historically been a success at least in getting people to sign up for Amazon’s $119-a-year Prime subscription service. The company said last July that the 2017 Prime Day marked the single biggest day for Prime sign-ups up to that point.Amazon’s Prime membership program offers two-day free shipping, access to some TV shows on its streaming service, discounts at Whole Foods and a host of other perks. Its members also spend more on the site than nonmembers.The error messages and problems searching for deals on Amazon’s website hit a peak in the minutes after Prime Day started Monday, according to downdetector.com, which tracks outages across the internet. More than 24,000 people reported problems early in the noon hour. The number of reports had dropped to about 800 by 3 p.m. as issues seemed to improve.The tracker’s outage map showed the problems were centered mostly in the U.S., especially in the Pacific Northwest, Northeast and California.Twitter users both reveled in sharing pictures of the dogs Monday and despaired at missing out on deals.”Oh I get it,” tweeted user emjayy033, “the Amazon #PrimeDay deal is that you get to save 100 percent of your money.”Note: The dogs do not appear to be for sale. Amazon’s website experienced widespread crashes and problems Monday shortly after the e-commerce company’s annual day of sales, Prime Day, began at noon. Explore further Citation: Amazon’s website crashes for some users as Prime Day kicks off (2018, July 17) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-07-amazon-website-users-prime-day.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Amazon will give you $10 to spend if you shop at Whole Foods before Prime Day ©2018 The Seattle Times Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.last_img read more

3M reward offered in case where US device was used in IEDs

first_imgFederal authorities are offering a $3 million reward for information leading to the arrest and conviction of a man wanted for illegally obtaining U.S. technology that was later used in improvised explosive devices in Iraq. Authorities say 55-year-old Hossein Ahmad Larijani is believed to be in Tehran, Iran.He was indicted in 2010 on charges related to exporting radio transceiver modules made by a Minnesota company, which has not been publicly identified.Authorities say Larijani orchestrated a scheme in which 6,000 modules were shipped to Singapore, under the guise that they’d be used in a telecommunications project. Instead, the devices were then shipped to Iran and used in IEDs that targeted U.S. and coalition forces in Iraq from 2008 to 2010.Three of Larijani’s co-defendants from Singapore have pleaded guilty. A fourth remains at large in Singapore. © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: $3M reward offered in case where US device was used in IEDs (2018, November 20) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-11-3m-reward-case-device-ieds.html Explore further US trial convicts trio of high-tech exports to Russialast_img read more

Hackers are making personalised ransomware to target the most profitable and vulnerable

first_imgOnce a piece of ransomware has got hold of your valuable information, there is very little you can do to get it back other than accede to the attacker’s demands. Ransomware, a type of malware that holds a computer to ransom, has become particularly prevalent in the past few years and virtually unbreakable encryption has made it an even more powerful force. This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article. This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original articl Citation: Hackers are making personalised ransomware to target the most profitable and vulnerable (2019, March 18) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-03-hackers-personalised-ransomware-profitable-vulnerable.html Provided by The Conversation They then upload the ransomware, which encrypts valuable data and sends a ransom note. Using information such as the firm’s size, turnover and profits, the attackers will then estimate the amount the company can afford and tailor their ransom demand accordingly. Payment is typically requested in cryptocurrency and usually between 35 and 100 bitcoins (value at time of publication £100,000–£288,000).According to the police officers we spoke to, another popular attack method is “spear phishing” or “big game hunting”. This involves researching specific people who handle finances in a company and sending them an email that pretends to be from another employee. The email will fabricate a story that encourages the recipient to open an attachment, normally a Word or Excel document containing malicious code. These kind of targeted attacks are typically carried out by professional groups solely motivated by profit, though some attacks seek to disrupt businesses or infrastructure. These criminal groups are highly organised and their activities constantly evolve. They are methodical, meticulous and creative in extorting money.For example, traditional ransomware attacks ask for a fixed amount as part of an initial intimidating message, sometimes accompanied by a countdown clock. But in more targeted attacks, perpetrators typically drop a “proof of life” file onto the victim’s computer to demonstrate that they control the data. They will also send contact and payment details for release of the data, but also open up a tough negotiation process, which is sometimes automated, to extract as much money as possible.According to the police, the criminals usually prefer to target fully-digitised businesses that rely highly on IT and data. They tend to favour small and medium-sized companies and avoid large corporations that have more advanced security. Big firms are also more likely to attract media attention, which could lead to increased police interest and significant disruptions to the criminal operations.How to protect yourselfSo what can be done to fight back against these attacks? Our work is part of the multi-university research project EMPHASIS, which studies the economic, social and psychological impact of ransomware. (As yet unpublished) data collected by EMPHASIS indicates that weak cybersecurity in the affected organisations is the main reason why cybercriminals have been so successful in extorting money from them.One way to improve this situation would be to better protect remote computer access. This could be done by disabling the system when it’s not in use, and using stronger passwords and two-step authentication (when a second, specially generated code is needed to login alongside a password). Or alternatively switching to a virtual private network, which connects machines via the internet as if they were in a private network.When we interviewed cybercrime researcher Bob McArdle from IT security firm Trend Micro, he advised that email filters and anti-virus software containing dedicated ransomware protection are vital. Companies should also regularly backup their data so it doesn’t matter if someone seizes the original. Backups must be tested and stored in locations that are inaccessible to ransomware.These kind of controls are crucial because ransomware attacks tend to leave very little evidence and so are inherently difficult to investigate. As such, targeted ransomware attacks are not going to stop any time soon, and attackers are only likely to get more sophisticated in their methods. Attackers are highly adaptive so companies will have to respond just as smartly. Explore furthercenter_img Why ransomware is on the rise This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Credit: CC0 Public Domain Ransomware is typically delivered by powerful botnets used to send out millions of malicious emails to randomly targeted victims. These aim to extort relatively small amounts of money (normally £300-£500, but more in recent times) from as many victims as possible. But according to police officers we have interviewed from UK cybercrime units, ransomware attacks are becoming increasingly targeted at high-value victims. These are usually businesses that can afford to pay very large sums of money, up to £1,000,000 to get their data back.In 2017 and 2018 there was a rise in such targeted ransomware attacks on UK businesses. Attackers increasingly use software to search for vulnerable computers and servers and then use various techniques to penetrate them. Most commonly, perpetrators use brute force attacks (using software to repeatedly try different passwords to find the right one), often on systems that let you operate computers remotely.If the attackers gain access, they will try to infect other machines on the network and gather essential information about the company’s business operations, IT infrastructure and further potential vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities can include when networks are not effectively segregated into different parts, or are not designed in a way that makes them easy to monitor (network visibility), or have weak administration passwords.last_img read more

Ghaziabad Man commits suicide after shooting at sisterinlaw

first_imgGhaziabad: Man commits suicide after shooting at sister-in-lawAs per police investigation, Ramesh, who hailed from Khagaria district in Bihar, killed himself using a country-made pistol, which was found abandoned near his body.advertisement Next Press Trust of India GhaziabadJuly 12, 2019UPDATED: July 12, 2019 22:20 IST The accused went to his brother’s house and shot thrice at his sister-in-law. (Photo used for representation)A man hailing from Bihar has committed suicide at Jhanda Pur village in Site-4 Industrial area of Sahibabad after shooting at his sister-in-law, with whom he was allegedly having an affair, police said Friday.As per police investigation, Ramesh, who hailed from Khagaria district in Bihar, killed himself using a country-made pistol, which was found abandoned near his body, City Superintendent of Police Shlok Kumar said.Ramesh’s brother runs a pan shop in Haibatpur area Noida.Ramesh was recently asked to leave his brother’s home. Since then he was living Ghaziabad and selling vegetables, police said.Ramesh was allegedly having an affair with his sister-in-law, which his older brother Janaradan objected to, officials said.Around 8 pm on Thursday, Ramesh went to his brother’s house and shot thrice at his sister-in-law.Later Ramesh returned here and committed suicide.His body was sent for autopsy. His sister-in-law is undergoing treatment at Ram Manohar Lohia hospital in Delhi where she is stated to be in critical condition, the SP added.Also Read | TRS leader kidnapped by Maoists 3 days ago found dead in ChhattisgarhAlso Read | Woman shot at in Delhi’s DwarkaAlso Watch | Smriti Irani lends shoulder to mortal remains of close aide who was shot dead in AmethiFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byChanchal Chauhanlast_img read more